Publication Ethics

Duties and Responsibilities of Editors

  1. Fair Play: An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
  2. Confidentiality: The editor must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  3. Publication Decision: Editor has the right to accept, decline, or ask for some revisions of the manuscript which has been sent by the author based on the reviewer and journal writing style. Editors can be guided by the policy of editorial boards of journal and can be limited by legal requirementas related to defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Related to the manuscript decision, the editorial team can communicate with another editor in the decision-making of the manuscript. The editorial team is responsible for every manuscript published.
  4. Manuscript Review: The editor conducts an initial review as a process to confirm that every manuscript within the journal should use the writing style of the journal. The editor ensures the process of peer review is running wisely, fairly, and confidentially. The editor should send the manuscript to reviewers in related fields and it is free from conflict of interest. The editor should ensure that the process of peer review is using double-blinded.
  5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Every decision towards the manuscript based on the approval from the author, editor, and redactor should be free from every form of conflict of interest.

Duties and Responsibilities of Authors

  1. Standard of Writing: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. 
  2. Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication: An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. 
  3. Originality and Plagiarism: Plagiarism in all forms is unethical in the publication of scientific papers and is unacceptable. The author must ensure that all the work presented is original, and if the author has used the work and/or the words of others, then the author must present the quotation appropriately. There are various forms of plagiarism, such as acknowledging someone else's writing into their writing, copying or rewriting substantial parts of the work of others without mentioning the source, and claiming the results of research done by others. Self-plagiarism or auto plagiarism is one form of plagiarism. Auto plagiarism is quoting the results or sentences of their own published works without mentioning the source.  
  4. Acknowledgment of Sources: Authors should give acknowledgment towards data sources used in scientific manuscripts by using citations. This becomes the form of acknowledgment of the works of others which should be always conducted in the procedure of scientific work.
  5. Authorship of the Article:  Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
  6. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
  7. Fundamental Errors in Published Works:  When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers

  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions: A peer Reviewer gives a review in order to give consideration to the editor's decision and also to improve the paper's quality. The reviewer can give consideration based on the objective assessment of the manuscript assigned by the editor.
  2. Confidentiality: Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality values of the manuscript reviewed. Every manuscript assigned by the editor must be confidential and should be used as it should. The confidentiality of the manuscript obliges the reviewer not to discuss or even ask the personal data from the author without the editor's permission.
  3. Standards of Objectivity: The review must be done objectively. The personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. The reviewer must convey his or her views accompanied by a supportive argument.
  4. Acknowledgment of Sources: Reviewers should be able to ensure all data sources utilized by the author are valid and accountable. Reviewers should be able to inform the editor if finding discrepancies or deviations in publication ethics like the use of irrelevant data, the plagiarism of the published works, the discrepancy on multiple duplications, or the other suspicion with the right argumentation.
  5. Conflict of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  6. Punctuality: Reviewers should conduct the review based on the deadline given by the editor. If there is an obstacle in the process of peer review then the reviewer should inform the editor to find another reviewer.
  7. Unrelated Field: Reviewers assigned to a field that is unrelated to their field of study can inform the editor to reject the review process.